Additional Calendars
Calendar Views
Conferences and Meetings
Law School
Special Events

ELEC Research Component of PhD Qualifier Exam by Priscila de Paula Silva

When: Thursday, February 23, 2023
11:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Where: Science & Engineering Building, Lester W. Cory Conference Room: Room 213A
Cost: Free

Location: Lester W. Cory Conference Room
Science & Engineering Building (SENG), Room 213A

Zoom Conference Link:
Meeting ID: 956 8521 9450 Passcode: 681791

Software intensive systems rely on checkpointing to prevent loss of computation, by performing periodic backups. Non-equidistant checkpointing strategies have been proposed for specialized hardware and software applications as well as specific failure distributions. However, a general method to identify a non-equidistant checkpointing strategy for an arbitrary combination of application and failure distribution would be beneficial. This thesis proposes an approach to identify a near optimal non-equidistant checkpointing strategy with a genetic algorithm, which only requires knowledge of the failure distribution. Experiments suggest that the approach consistently outperforms the traditional strategy of equidistant checkpoints under (i) a range of total processing times and (ii) different values of distributions exhibiting increasing, constant, and decreasing failure rates. Although many systems and processes are amenable to reliability modeling, researchers have also demonstrated interest in bringing a system back to its original performance after a deterioration, which is known as resilience engineering: the ability of a system to respond, absorb, adapt, and recover from a disruptive event. Several metrics to quantify resilience have been proposed in the literature. However, fewer studies have proposed models to predict the metrics. Hence, this thesis presents two alternative approaches to model and predict performance and resilience metrics, including (i) bathtub-shaped hazard functions and (ii) mixture distributions with techniques from reliability engineering. Historical data on job loss during recessions in the United States are used to assess the predictive accuracy of these approaches. The results suggest that both approaches can produce accurate predictions for several of the data sets well, but that data sets that experience a sudden drop in performance or deviate from the assumption of a single decrease and subsequent increase cannot be fit to either class of proposed models, necessitating additional modeling efforts that can effectively characterize these more general scenarios.

Dr. Lance Fiondella, Associate Professor, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, UMASS Dartmouth

Committee Members:
Dr. Hong Liu, Professor, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, UMASS Dartmouth
Dr. Ruolin Zhou, Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, UMASS Dartmouth

NOTE: All ECE Graduate Students are ENCOURAGED to attend.
All interested parties are invited to attend. Open to the public.

*For further information, please contact Dr. Yifei Li via email at
Topical Areas: General Public, University Community, College of Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering