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Mechanical Engineering MS Thesis Defense by Mr. Maxwell Shangraw

When: Friday, August 6, 2021
9:00 AM - 11:00 AM
Where: > See description for location
Description: Mechanical Engineering MS Thesis Defense by Mr. Maxwell Shangraw

DATE:
August 6, 2021

TIME:
9:00 a.m. – 11:00 a.m.

LOCATION:
Zoom link:
https://umassd.zoom.us/j/97527658501? pwd=dHptSGZlbFN0YlhVdHoxZkJKUlZrUT09
Meeting ID: 975 2765 8501
Passcode: 099110

TOPIC:
Application and Improvement of Digital Holographic Microscopy to Study Bacterial Motion

ABSTRACT:
In this work, we apply Digital Holographic Microscopy (DHM) to track the three-dimensional (3D) motion of bacteria. Measuring bacterial movement and bacterial interaction with solid walls is critical to understand the mechanism of biofilm formation and develop efficient anti-biofouling strategies. However, accurately tracking bacteria by DHM remains a challenge since bacteria have a small size and a refractive index very similar to the surrounding medium. Here, we develop new approaches to overcome this challenge. First, we distinguish between real and virtual images in DHM by analyzing the axial intensity distributions of the objects. This allows the hologram plane to be placed within the sample volume and thus maximizes the signal-to-noise ratio. Second, we detect particle centers based on the local maximum or minimum intensities in the reconstructed field consisting of both scattering wave and incident wave. We find this approach improves the particle localization accuracy when compared to previous methods. We also examine the impacts of sample concentration, sample thickness, and the iterative phase retrieval method on the quality of reconstructed images. With these improvements, we measure approximately 300 trajectories of Shewanella, a type of bacterium isolated from marine biofilm. We find bacterium-wall interactions similar to these reported in the literature. Last, we fabricate micro-textured surfaces which are able to trap gas bubbles when submerged in water. Future study will examine the impact of the entrapped gas bubbles on bacterial motion, as well as the anti-biofouling properties of the textured surfaces.

ADVISOR:
Dr. Hangjian Ling, Assistant Professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering, UMass Dartmouth

COMMITTEE MEMBERS:
-Dr. Banafsheh Seyed-Aghazadeh, Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering, UMass Dartmouth
-Dr. Pia Moisander, Associate Professor of Biology, UMass Dartmouth

Open to the public. All MNE students are encouraged to attend.

For more information, please contact Dr. Hangjian Ling (hling1@umassd.edu, 508-999-8540).


Thank you,

Sue Cunha, Administrative Assistant
Mechanical Engineering Department
scunha@umassd.edu
508-999-8492
Topical Areas: Faculty, General Public, Staff and Administrators, Students, Students, Graduate, Students, Undergraduate, University Community, Biology, College of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Lectures and Seminars